Out of love and faithfulness, Ruth chooses to … Ruth: A Discourse Analysis of the Hebrew Bible Daniel Block Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2015 304 pp. 20 Grant, “Validity of Pregeneric Plot Structure,” 180. The Hebrew short story uses “an artistic and elevated prose containing rhythmic elements which are poetic,” takes an interest in typical people, and seeks to both entertain and instruct.6 “Especially important: they look at ordinary events as being the scene of God’s subtly providential activity. John T. Willis, vol. its word plays, inclusios, etc.) 39 Campbell, Hero with a Thousand Faces, 213. Naomi considers herself cursed by God and sees no hope of security. Ruth’s character demonstrates both the death-rebirth and the initiation cycles. The Book of Ruth (abbreviated Rth) (Hebrew: מגילת רות , Megilath Ruth, "the Scroll of Ruth", one of the Five Megillot) is included in the third division, or the Writings (Ketuvim), of the Hebrew Bible; in most Christian canons it is treated as a history book and placed between Judges and 1 Samuel. Her decision highlights Ruth’s sacrifice. 33 It is also connected with the legal and social life of Israel. Gow has gleaned the best from recent scholarship, although he might have made better use of several important recent studies ( e.g. In fact, the final stanza throws light on the devotion of the speaker for this woman of God. Learn about the setting, title, ending, allusions and more in an easy-to-understand format. The book begins and ends focusing on Naomi. 41 This jabbed the original Jewish audience. He lists segments of the common adventure as Departure (including the Call to Adventure, Refusal of the Call, Supernatural Aid, The Crossing of the First Threshold, and the Belly of the Whale), the Initiation (i.e. The book begins with a famine but ends with plenty. 3. The book of Ruth is a Hebrew short story, told with consummate skill. Penned by Daniel Block (Gunther H. Knoedler Professor of Old Testament at Wheaton College), this commentary on Ruth is the third and latest offering in the Zondervan Exegetical Commentary on the Old Testament (ZECOT) series. the bridegroom, the conqueror, and the leader who brings his people into their rightful home).31 In the story of Ruth and Naomi, Boaz represents the Messiah as the redeemer who is the bridegroom for Ruth and reclaims the rightful home for Naomi. Death in the beginning sets the story in motion. Ruth Prawer Jhabvala’s (7 May 1927 – 3 April 2013) lack of ties to any one place may account for her objectivity as a writer. Though the story treats Ruth as the heroine, the story revolves around the redemption of Naomi. Like Naomi, she moves from the deathlike experience of the childless widow to the rebirth of marriage. The Call to Adventure: This occurs when the men Elimilech, Machlon, and Killion die and Naomi decides to return to Bethlehem. In this case, God provides through the גאל, the kinsman redeemer who plays the part of the Messianic figure. Book Summary . 2. In Ruth, imagery such as provision is embodied in Bethlehem: Bethlehem (בית לחמ) literally means “house of bread.” This is ironic since at the opening of the book, Bethlehem was lacking in bread due to the famine! However, as a comedy, there is rebirth in the end, literally in Ruth’s son that is considered Naomi’s, and figuratively in Naomi, who is redeemed. Both the Old Testament and the New Testament use various forms to communicate, including story, music, and homiletics. 40 Vogler, Writer’s Journey, 35. biblical literature: Ruth. This is embodied in the Mr. Among historical narratives in Scripture it is unexcelled in its compactness, vividness, warmth, beauty and dramatic effectiveness -- an exquisitely wrought jewel of Hebrew narrative art. after the expulsion of the Greek occupiers in Israel and before Rome’s domination of Palestine). 7. Jennifer Rubin Raskas is the Business Development Manager for the Maryland/Israel De-velopment Center. Not only does she return to Naomi after the marriage proposal with a promise of redemption but also with tangible evidence of grain. The central conceit of the poem “Ruth” is a romantic picture of a lady painted by Thomas Hood in such a way that she seems to be standing before our very eyes. A short story set in the time of the Book of Judges, detailing how Ruth, a Moabite widow, finds a new husband.That new husband, as it turns out, is a relative of her mother-in-law Naomi's husband, and part of the lineage that would produce King David (and, according to … 842. Ruth’s vow to Naomi in 1:16-17),8 in word-play such as assonance and punning,9 and in the design of the story with its inclusios (i.e. The poem is written in trochaic tetrameter “Round her eyes her tresses fell, / Which were blackest none could tell.” Enjambment is used almost in the entire poem such as “And her hat, with shady brim, / Made her tressy forehead dim.” These pauses create curiosity and draw the reader’s attention to the beauty of the lady and the desire of the poet. The plot of any story revolves around overcoming obstacles. Cf. Ch. Literary Analysis The central conceit of the poem “Ruth” is a romantic picture of a lady painted by Thomas Hood in such a way that she seems to be standing before our very eyes. A very strange interpretation of the poem “Ruth” could be that it is a dedication from the poet to his mother, who managed to raise him and look after her mother-in-law without her husband who passed away several years prior. Tests, Allies, and Enemies: Ruth’s continued hard work in the fields wins her Allies in Boaz’s foreman and in Boaz himself. Ruth recognizes that her life is in Yahweh’s tree, and therefore seeks to join His people. For the Fallen Mentor (Naomi), who herself is journeying, this scene is the Resurrection of Naomi. 3); IV. Resurrection: On Ruth’s journey, her Resurrection is her wedding with Boaz (thus using a life cycle to represent the fulfilled desire). Ultimately, it is about God and His loving-kindness to act as the Faithful Provider to His covenant people and to those who put their trust in Him for wholeness and salvation. “A Hero is someone who is willing to sacrifice his own needs on behalf of others, like a shepherd who will sacrifice to protect and serve his flock. It is also interesting to note that Ruth’s marriage proposal occurs on the threshing floor, where the grain that provides is created. So and So) to redeem Ruth and Naomi. God is no respecter of persons (Rom. I.List all the clues in chapters 2-3 of the book of Ruth that inform the reader about the character, personality, motivations, emotions, intentions, etc. The diction of the poem is figurative, with similes such as “In the midst of brown was born,/ Like red poppies grown with corn,” where the poet compares the beautiful red cheeks of Ruth to red poppies. We might say that literature does not tell about characters and actions and concepts but presents characters in action. The author was anonymous but some believe it was perhaps written by Samuel the prophet; however, it … Her beauty surpasses the environmental beauty, as her body is “clasped by the golden light of the morn” and her cheek has an “autumn flush.” The poet then comments on her hair and eyes. 2); III. 7, ed. This story is a great tool for evangelism by drawing analogies between Boaz, the type of Christ, and the archetype, Christ Himself. 27 S. de Graaf, Promise and Deliverance, vol. In this beautiful account, He demonstrates how He will use a person (Ruth) who for all practical purposes, is a foreigner and enemy of the Israelites. The tension and tragedy lies in the empty and lonely Naomi. Crossing the First Threshold: Ruth swears an oath to Naomi to remain loyal to her and returns with Naomi to Bethlehem. The Ordeal: Ruth’s Ordeal comes in the form of a marriage proposal to Boaz. Each of these forms deserves to be analyzed according to their genre. BDB defines גאל as “redeem, act as a kinsman.”32 It is used to refer to God’s redeeming acts.33 This term refers to the kinsman “who is responsible for standing up for him and maintaining his rights.34 Boaz takes responsibility for Naomi’s land and the widows. 5 Joseph Campbell analyzes the elements of myths and stories from different countries and different times in order to reveal the parallels of the basic plot. She lives with her mother May and for a while, her brother Matthew. On defining literature, Leland Ryken observes that, Literature does not, for example, discourse about virtue but instead shows a virtuous person acting. One aspect of literature is its elements of recurrence in imagery and conventional actions.16 Rituals of conventional actions and that imitate nature’s cycle are organizing rhythms and patterns. Ruth exhibits both the typical initiation and death-rebirth cycles of the mythic plots. Reward: Boaz promises to seek redemption for Ruth, whether through approaching the nearer kinsman-redeemer or redeeming himself. “Some Mentors are still on a Hero’s Journey of their own. That is, the content of a work of literature is presented in the form of a novel, play, short story, poem, and so forth…A working definition of literature, then, is that it is an interpretive presentation of experience in an artistic form.4. Return with the Elixir: Ruth, as the Heroine, provides a son, Obed, for Naomi, thus giving life to Naomi. 2D. When he hears her praise for God despite living in poverty, the poet immediately responds saying, “heaven did not mean, / where I reap thou shouldst glean,” and then offers her to “lay thy sheaf adown and come, / share my harvest and my home,” which is an extreme form of love, generosity, and large-heartedness. The Search OF the Savior: Why Jesus Came, Part 1 (Luke 19:1-10), Bible Storying Series - Teaching The Story Of God Chronologically, Bible Teaching Ideas: The Ten Commandments And Ten Fingers. Module 3: Literary Analysis of Ruth 1-4 (100 points possible) Read Ruth 1-4 Observation (30 points): Observe how characters are portrayed in the book of Ruth, particularly through their speech and actions. The muse was from the Romantic period, described as working in the fields in the autumn season. Liberal critics date the book much While Ruth is the flat character who remains constant, Naomi presents a more complicated character of the Fallen Mentor. 4. She holds a Masters in Public Policy from Harvard, a B.A. General uses of the analysis of the book of Esther are discussed first, followed by more specific uses related to each of the six elements of narration/ fiction. 29 A second metaphor used in this musical is of the branch. Christopher Vogler further clarifies these categories as well as characterization and applies them to modern-day story telling (i.e. 8. After the death of Ruth’s husband (as well as his brother and father), her mother-in-law, Naomi, decides to return to her hometown in Bethlehem. 2, trans. Both the Old Testament and the New Testament use various forms to communicate, including story, music, and homiletics. In the beginning, Naomi worries about the lack of bread; she makes the announcement to Ruth and Orpah of her plan to return to Bethlehem while kneading bread (a hint of the hope she has in her return to Bethlehem); Ruth recognizes the provision of bread Boaz will bring with his agreement to marry her; finally, Naomi receives the announcement of Obed’s birth while taking a fresh loaf of bread out of the oven. Many people think the title of the poem alludes to the Biblical Ruth, but the true inspiration of the poem was not this figure. The story of Ruth begins with death, moves toward marriage, and finds its ultimate fulfillment in birth. (Studio City, CA: Michael Wiese Productions, 1998), throughout. ed., eds., G. Johannes Botterweck and Helmer Ringgren, trans. Per the publisher, the series: Naomi’s character, as the Hero Mentor on her own journey (see below), displays the death-rebirth cycle, which “involves a hero who endures death or a deathlike experience and returns to life and security.”19 As a helpless and childless widow, Naomi is in a “deathlike experience.” However, she passes to rebirth at the birth of Obed. Orpah was more interested in her perceived well-being than in remaining loyal to her proper family ties (Deuteronomy 25:5 notes that a widow is not to remarry outside the family). The character and function of the Hero should fall to Naomi who has the power to redeem Ruth by bringing her to God’s chosen people. The aim of this analysis is to consider aspects of the context in which the book of Genesis was written, such as its authorship, recipients, time period of historical events and composition, and its biblical context, which may be useful in understanding the book as a whole. They may be experiencing a crisis of faith in their calling…Such a Mentor may go through all the stages of a hero’s journey, on his own path to redemption.”42 Naomi, as Mentor, considers herself a special vessel of God’s wrath. The Book of Ruth was part of the Writings of Hebrew Scripture. Frequently described as being 'delightful' or 'whimsical', it is regarded as a fine example of a short story with full and complete characters. 5. The first chapter introduces Ruth’s sacrificial character. The main purpose of the story is to protest the enforcement of the law forbidding … Her character is united with Ruth’s in the beginning, but the shallowness of her commitment “dissolves” this union (Grant, “Validity of Pregeneric Plot Structure,” 206). In the beginning she is known as the Moabitess. So and So, the nearer kinsman redeemer. “The artistic beauty of the Bible exists for the reader’s enjoyment and artistic enrichment. “Since both the Old and New Testaments are largely written in story form, narrative is the essence of biblical revelation… That makes understanding narrative essential for all interpreters of the Bible.”1 A literary approach is fundamental to understanding the Bible because many of the parts of the Bible are in literary form. Two key concepts in the book of Ruth can shed light on the themes of the book. H. Evan Runner and Elisabeth Wichers Runner (St. Catherines, Ontario: Paideia, 1977), 62. Boaz Acquires Right to be the Kinsman-Redeemer (4:1-12); V. Naomi’s Blessing (4:13-17)”23 This analysis fits within the overarching comedy ternary form from the ideal (understood by the audience) to the unideal experience (the deaths of Elimelech, Kilion and Machlon leaving their three widows helpless, unprotected, and unprovided for), and the journey back to the ideal (Ruth’s marriage to Boaz, which redeems both her and Naomi, and Ruth’s child, who carries Ruth’s husband’s name24 and guarantees Naomi’s future).25 Further, because the story of Ruth exhibits elements of mythic structure as analyzed by Joseph Campbell and Christopher Vogler, it is helpful to understand how Ruth fits this form.26. Ruth’s return from Boaz with grain in symmetrical scenes), and contrasts (i.e. However, because of her loyalty and desire for God, she plays a pivotal role in the storyline of the Bible, becoming the great-grandmother of King David! And her hat, with shady brim, Made her tressy forehead dim;— Thus she stood amid the stooks, Praising God with sweetest looks:—. The poem contains five stanzas, and each stanza consists of four lines. However, her actions as well as the speech and thought of the story community proved her to be faithful, loyal, and sacrificial (cf. The book displays typical virtuous, beautiful ideals, villains that threaten the heroine’s ascent and final achievement of “the victory of fertility over the wasteland” of a comedy-romance.12 The final society reached at the end is the one that the “audience has recognized all along to be the proper and desirable state of affairs.”13 As a comic plot, “the protagonist encounters obstacles but eventually overcomes them through faith and/or divine intervention.”14 Its story is meant to “inspire, challenge, and encourage us.”15. One effect of this is that life becomes filled with meaning, since every event takes on spiritual significance.”18 This coincides with Frye’s analysis of the imagery and cyclical elements of story. The purpose of this study is not to explore the book’s many intriguing literary angles, but to consider just its plot structure. While the family tragedy is surrounded by famine, Ruth and Naomi return to Bethlehem when the famine has been abated at the beginning of the barley harvest, clueing the reader in to the hope they have. 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