german towns in south africa

“Ruin gazing” is nothing new—for millennia, people have been drawn to broken cities and toppled monuments, places of quiet contemplation that remind us of our own hubris and of the power of time. They arrived in the bay of today's Cape Town, on 6 April 1652, on board five ships, the Reijer, the Oliphant, the Goede Hoop, the Walvisch and the Dromedaris., A number of these settlers were from Germany, displaced from there by the 30-year war (1618-1648). © 1996-2015 National Geographic Society, © 2015- Early German Settlers of South Africa. 20-12-07-00398 D074 Spike (m) (male) German Shepherd mix. A sort of mad eccentricity reigned. If you have links to related web pages that would be of interest to others please add them in the relevant section at the bottom of the page. In the 1680s 50 more Dutch and German farmers and women from orphanages arrived and at the end of the decade 200 by Hugenots arrived. Munich . South Africans' Geni Landing Site. Before long, the town might vanish into the desert. Others left and started the New Hanover settlement further inland. Stamvader in VOGEL familie in Suid-Afrika Only four years before the discovery of diamonds at Kolmanskop, the Namibian Herero people rebelled against the German colonizers, who retaliated with genocidal ferocity by killing over 60,000 Herero. See nine of the world’s best ghost towns. [1], A group of 74 Germans, (vine-dressers and wine-makers) selected by the Cape Emigration Commissioner, Mr Field, were among emigrants who sailed to South Africa on the ship Aurifera. Aberdeen in South Africa is a tiny little town in the Eastern Cape. Graaff Reinet is South Africa’s fourth oldest town, and arguably one of its most beautifully-preserved. Hamburg to Cape Town - Passengers of the 'Victoria' 1859, Hamburg to South Africa - Ships and Passenger Lists, South African male Progenitors / Stamvaders. Go to South Africans' Geni Landing Site. They established the settlement of New Germany, where they soon built a church and a school. Wealthy Kolmanskop became a well of luxury in the barren desert. Departed from Hamburg on 1 October 1859 under Captain C.P. Add any documents of interest using the menu at the top right of the page, and then add a link to the document in the text under the heading below. A fascinating reminder of time, destruction, and mortality, Kolmanskop itself is disappearing into the desert. He was the primary ancestor of the Vogel family in the Cape. The earliest efforts were made by George Schmidt, a Moravian whose work was carried on in the late 18th c by other Moravians at the famous Genadendal Mission Station. Meissen was probably one of the first German towns I truly fell in love with. Amana, East Amana, West Amana, South Amana, High Amana, Middle Amana and Homestead were settled by German 'Inspirationists,' a religious group that had been persecuted in Germany, in the years before the Civil War. Despite ongoing conservation efforts and a yearly limit on the number of tourists, studies undertaken around 2010 showed “a marked deterioration” of several structures in Kolmanskop. By 1956, Kolmanskop was completely abandoned. After the Bergtheil Settlers arrived in Natal in 1848 to grow Cotton. In 1691, the population was 1000 Europeans and 400 Slaves. The regular exchange with your German compatriots is also an important aspect of the expat experience and can help you get accustomed to the South African culture and people. Not that we’re bias or anything, but South Africa is truly one of the world’s most diverse countries. A Berlin missionary Wilhelm Posselt acted as their first pastor. Munich (München), the capital of Bavaria and the gateway to the German Alps, is one of Germany's most popular travel destinations, famous for its interesting mix of traditional Bavarian culture, modern living and high-tech industries.Contemporary architecture goes hand in hand with grand avenues, first-class museums, and baroque palaces, which are a salute to Munich's royal past. In 1962, the Chilean town of Colonia Dignidad was found to be home to 300 families who’d fled Germany after World War II, finding a welcome – and no questions asked – among their compatriots in South America.” In 1955, Gen. Alfredo Stroessner, a grandson of immigrants from Bavaria, opened Paraguay to former Nazis. Bonn, which was first founded as a Roman settlement, is one of Germany’s oldest cities and is the second seat of the country’s federal government. If you have any queries related to these settlers please start a discussion linked to this project. In our ExpatCapeTown guide you will find all the relevant information and resources for all those things German for all visiting or living in Cape Town and all who enjoy German goodies. Ruin Memories: Materialities, Aesthetics and the Archaeology of the Recent Past. Welcome to all Germans and to all who love German 'Gemütlichkeit! Towards the end of the Anglo-Boer War (1899 - 1902), the area was the scene for a battle between the Boer forces and a Scottish Calvatry Regiment. Please enable JavaScript in your browser's settings to use this part of Geni. Kolmanskop’s prospectors were becoming rich overnight simply picking diamonds off the desert floor, but German authorities wanted greater control over the incredible riches. But Kolmanskop—part of the struggling colony of German South West Africa—was also built on a legacy of colonial violence. Pétursdóttir and Olsen argue that the crumbling walls and sand-filled rooms of young ruins—their age measured in decades, not millennia—challenge our assumptions about the order and progress of the modern world. You can go from waterfalls, green forested foothills of Hogsback to the picturesque harbor town of Kalk Bay before escaping to the rural hills of the Wild Coast or the small inland town of Swellendam where historical momuments, farms and micro lighting awaits. 6 Secondary cities in South Africa: The start of a conversation Despite subsequent criticisms of central place theory, the idea of a hierarchy of cities remains influential. WELKOM CUZZINS! But Kolmanskop—part of the struggling colony of German South West Africa —was also built on a legacy of colonial violence. In order to do this use the drop down menu at the top left of the screen and. can be found and make queries or ask for help through the discussion facility. Right around the coast, from Alexander Bay on the west coast to St Lucia on the east coast, are beach towns worth visiting. When the cotton growing scheme collapsed, some Germans turned to vegetable growing to supply Port Natal with vegetables. This was during the era of assisted emigration to the Cape between 1857 and 1862. Some densely populated areas have been classified as "traditional" (and not as "urban") by Statistics South Africa and therefore are not considered here. They came from all German-speaking areas of Europe. If you looked up the definition of “small German town perfection,” I’m fairly certain an image resembling Meissen would pop up. Welcome to this outpost of sunny South Africa ! During the 19th Century, a number of German Mission societies sent out Missionaries to South Africa. Thóra Pétursdóttir and Bjørnar Olsen, editors of the book Ruin Memories: Materialities, Aesthetics and the Archaeology of the Recent Past, describe our fascination with ruins. “Collapsed walls, broken windows and open drawers expose intimacy and privacy, recalling to light the previously hidden, forgotten or unknown.”. German East Africa (German: Deutsch-Ostafrika) (GEA) was a German colony in the African Great Lakes region, which included present-day Burundi, Rwanda, and the mainland part of Tanzania. One evening in 1908, a Namibian railway worker named Zacherias Lewala was shovelling railroad tracks clear of creeping sand dunes when he saw some stones shining in the low light. For the purpose of this article, we have defined small towns as having a population of 20,000 people or less. Beautiful scenery, rich tribal culture, fascinating historic landmarks and some seriously great food and wine are just a few of the reasons to get to know South Africa’s smaller settlements. It was suggested that the men marry, with the incentive being free passages for wives, resulting in last-minute weddings at the quayside. Thönissen on the "Victoria", Death Notice: KAB MOOC 6/9/558 3176 (1906), Death Notice: KAB MOOC 6/9/1030 4407 (1917). The dunes that once rolled over Lewala’s railway tracks now burst through the ghost town’s doors and porches, filling its rooms with smooth banks of sand. Warmbaths changed to Bela-Bela, a Sesotho word for hot spring. In very broad terms, this hierarchy could be seen to consist of differentiated layers of cities, smaller towns… Click on a directory link below the town name of your choice to view the directory of your choice. If you do not know how to do this please contact one of the other collaborators to assist you. Among the towns renamed were some named after leaders significant in Afrikaner history. [1] Durban, South Africa ID: 20-12-07-00398. It is also a place where you can share links to online resources, tell other users where records etc. But it is the small beach towns in South Africa that get to the heart of what it is to experience the country’s diversity – its different climates, and cultures. I went on a day trip from Dresden during my first visit in 2011 and remember being astounded at just how beautiful the place was. In 1652 the Dutch East India Company's (VOC) established a supplies station at the Cape of Good Hope under the command of Jan van Riebeeck. Facilities such as a hospital, power station, school, theatre and sports hall were soon built. While some were Calvinist, a number were also Lutheran, and continued to practice this confession until the founding of the Strand Street Lutheran congregation in 1771. Directory of Towns in South and Southern Africa. The soldiers (2362 in all) were instead sent to the Cape as settlers, arriving in East London in early 1857. Kaffraria was once a British Crown Colony in the Eastern Cape region of South Africa. See haunting pictures of abandoned villages in Italy. Renamed Towns in South Africa . Derby located 16km east of Koster, was named after Lord Derby, British secretary of State, and had its origins as a settlement for destitute people. Geni requires JavaScript! South Africa, the southernmost country on the African continent, renowned for its varied topography, great natural beauty, and cultural diversity, all of which have made the country a favoured destination for travelers since the legal ending of apartheid (Afrikaans: “apartness,” or racial separation) in 1994.South… Lewala was not paid or rewarded for his find. Genadendal is a town founded around the oldest Mission Station in all of Africa, which dates back to 1737. By 1912, a town had sprung up, producing a million carats a year, or 11.7 percent of the world’s total diamond production. Once an important city in the Holy Roman Empire, Dinkelsbuhl celebrates its rescue during the Thirty Years War with its annual “Kinderzeche” festival in July, Colorfully costumed residents impart an aura of pageantry. So Pietersburg, Louis Trichard, and Potgietersrust became, respectively, Polokwane, Makhoda, and Mokopane (the name of a king). There was a butcher, a baker, a post office, and an ice factory; fresh water was brought by rail. - Willkommen in Kapstadt! - you do need to first be a collaborator - so join the project. The hometown of one of South Africa’s greatest industrialists and philantropists, Anton Rupert, the town boasts leafy streets and a treasure trove of quaint restaurants and cafés. Soon, hordes of prospectors descended on the area. In 1695 there were still only 340 free-burghers. (See haunting pictures of abandoned villages in Italy.). From this point onwards the white population increased naturally to about 1300 by 1700. m., and a population of Bantu Negroes and Hottentots estimated in 1903 at 200,000. Until then, the surreal ruins remind us of our societies’ power to build—but also of the material waste and human suffering we’re capable of wreaking. European opera groups even came to perform. It is also a place where you can share links to online resources, tell other users where records etc. Join Geni to explore your genealogy and family history in the World's Largest Family Tree. Simon’s Town is situated 35 km outside Cape Town and is one of South Africa’s oldest towns. German S. W. Africa : Sheet 23 Lüderitzbucht Map of German South West Africa showing towns, villages, roads, railways, rivers, vegetation and other features in the region of Lüderitzbucht., Relief shown by form lines., Projection not shown., Includes two inset maps showing Lüderitz Bay and Lüderitzbucht. Source - “SA Genealogies” vol 15, Genealogical Institute of SA, Stellenbosch, 2007” page 61 (See nine of the world’s best ghost towns.). The main indication remaining today of German influence in this area is the presence of quite a few German place names, such as Berlin, Potsdam, Frankfurt, Stutterheim and Braunschweig. In 2002, a local private company called Ghost Town Tours was awarded the concession to manage Kolmanskop as a tourist attraction, bussing visitors into the forbidden zone to explore and photograph the sand-covered ruins. This project is devoted to the German Settlers in South Africa. URGENT: This animal could be euthanized if not adopted soon. can be found and make queries or ask for help through the discussion facility. Welcome to Geni, home of the world's largest family tree. The party was made up of 90 settlers. The larger centres in this area are East London and King Williams Town. But it wasn’t to last. German Military Settlers were sent to South Africa. They cracked down, declaring a vast area of Namibia a Sperrgebiet, or restricted zone, forbidding entry to ordinary people and reserving prospecting rights for a single, Berlin-based company. Project Help: How to add Text to a Project - Starter Kit, www.genealogyworld.net/immigration/immigration.html, List of German Settlers 1858, 1877 and 1878, South African Genealogical Reference Centre, Please add the profiles of Progenitors from Germany - (. (See a list of some of these very early settlers below0. But even these reminders that nothing lasts forever won’t last forever. Set in the hills a couple of hours from Córdoba, Argentina’s second city, La Cumbrecita is a meticulously recreated Swiss-German village. Adopt German Shepherd Dogs in South Africa. GEA's area was 994,996 square kilometres (384,170 sq mi), which was nearly three times the area of present-day Germany, and double the area of metropolitan Germany then. Tourists come from across Argentina, and … The Germans who were at the Cape in the 17th C were not emigrants but worked for the Dutch East India Company, perhaps initially in Holland and then sent to the Cape. This German possession is bounded W. by the Atlantic, N. by Angola, S. by the Cape province, E. by Bechuanaland and Rhodesia, and is the only German dependency in Africa suited to white colonization. About 4000 Germans emigrated to the Cape during the Dutch period - almost all of them males. Click on a province name to view a map, description and all regional directories for that province. Please only add the profiles of the Stamvaders/Progenitors who came from Germany. Today’s tourists visit a testament to the evils of the colonial system, a melancholy monument to a world disappearing once and for all beneath history’s shifting sands. Lewala’s German employer identified them for what they were: diamonds. First port of call for South African GENi. One family kept a pet ostrich that terrorized other townspeople and was made to pull a sleigh at Christmas. The townspeople left in droves, abandoning homes and possessions. Hertzog wanted South Africa to remain neutral, but Smuts opted for joining the British war effort. For names of those who married in England, on board ship or on arrival in South Africa see the free site: *www.sagenealogy.co.za/German%20Military%20Marriages%201857.htm [1]. Located in Bavaria along the Romantic Road, Dinkelsbuhl is one of Germany’s few remaining medieval walled cities. The town began when German missionary Georg Schmidt came here to evangelize the Khoi peoples and to teach them western ways. All rights reserved, Brightly colored wallpaper peeling off the walls, dilapidated houses now inundated in rolling banks of sand … this is Kolmanskop, a ghost town in southern Africa’s Namib Desert, in the middle of a region known as “the forbidden zone.” And the story of how it got here is about as strange as the sight of the town today. This project is devoted to the German Settlers in South Africa. One of the oldest towns in South Africa, Eastern Cape’s Graaff-Reinet earns a place on this list because it is packed full of heritage buildings for you to admire on your visit. Please only add the profiles of the Stamvaders/Progenitors who came from Germany. Where ever possible, identical pages have been made available in English and German. German styled Accommodations: Haus Holzapfel, Beaufort West, Western Cape Enjoy some warm German hospitality at Haus Holzapfel, where you can ‘sprechen sie Deutsch’ to your heart’s content with your friendly hosts, … South Africa - South Africa - World War II: When Britain declared war on Germany on September 3, 1939, the United Party split. A number of books have been written about the early German immigrants, most notably Hoge's "Personalia of the Germans at the Cape". Filter. This page is dedicated to various issues relating to German South Africans, including genealogy, local history and church matters. Its position on the Rhine river has always made the city accessible (and at times quite strategic), and therefore it has always had a … Could you open up your home to this handsome golden boy? “Masked objects are unveiled, inside is turned out,” they write. Intensive mining depleted the area by the 1930s, and in 1928, the town’s fate was sealed when the richest diamond fields ever known were found on the beach terraces to the south. The Rhenish mission worked in the Cape and Namibia, the Berlin mission in Natal and Northern Transvaal, the Hermannsburg Mission in Zululand and Western Transvaal. 2020 National Geographic Partners, LLC. German missionaries established themselves at various centres in South Africa. Please add related projects to the menu on the right. South Africa’s history is not all that old. These men had been recruited for service with British forces in the Crimean War (1854-6) and were stationed in England. The ghost town of Kolmanskop was developed in the early 1900s to accommodate prospectors in the sprawling Sperrgebiet diamond mine industry (where to find ghosts in South Africa). Today, as many as 35,000 tourists visit the site every year, bringing money to the nearby coastal town of Lüderitz. See Also: Top 25 Best Small Towns In South Africa That Guarantee Happy Living Johannesburg – Gauteng The city of Johannesburg was founded … [1] Mole's Genealogy Blog - a wealth of information is explored - well worth a visit! These German passengers’ names are given in Esme Bull’s book, ‘Aided Emigration to the Cape’ and an index to all names mentioned can be found at www.genealogyworld.net/immigration/immigration.html [1]. URGENT: Animal could be euthanized soon. The buildings don’t date back hundreds and hundreds of years, as they do in Europe, but (and it’s a BIG but) South Africa has its own unique architectural styles, much of it evident in little towns across the country. See the discussion Project Help: How to add Text to a Project - Starter Kit to get you going! From here it was intended they should sail to South Africa but the war ended before their departure. See eerie pictures inside a Namibian ghost town, https://www.nationalgeographic.com/travel/destinations/africa/namibia/eerie-fascinating-pictures-kolmanskop-desert-diamond-ghost-town.html. Those dreaming of Eisbein and beer, while longing for authentic Germanic hospitality, should know that there are plenty of German-esque places around South Africa! Over time, Genadendal became one of … Tribespeople displaced from their land by the zone’s construction were often employed as laborers in diamond mines, forced to live on cramped, barracks-like compounds for months at a time. WELKOM CUZZINS! The 2001 and 2011 figures are not completely comparable because of boundary differences between the sub places of 2001 and 2011. InterNations helps you meet and interact with other Germans in South Africa, living in Cape Town, Johannesburg, Durban and many other places across the country. It has an area of about 322,450 sq. Came here to evangelize the Khoi peoples and to all Germans and all! 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